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FAFUNWA FOUNDATION INTERNET JOURNAL OF EDUCATION A BIANNUAL COLLECTION OF RECENT NIGERIAN CONTRIBUTIONS TO EDUCATIONAL SCHOLARSHIP VOLUME 1 No. 1 EDITED BY E. AYOTUNDE YOLOYE & AKIN OSIYALE FAFUNWA EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATION The Fafunwa Educational Foundation was founded in January 1995 by Professor Aliyu Babatunde Fafunwa with the following aims and objectives: 1. to promote and fund educational research in Institutions of Higher Learning such as Universities, Colleges of Education, Technical Colleges and Polytechnics. 2. To award prizes and scholarships to outstanding undergraduate/graduate students in Education in Nigerian Universities, Colleges of Education and other higher Institutions. 3. To promote a forum for dialogue between education practitioners and policy makers. 4. To promote and create where necessary public awareness on matters relating to Education. 5. To encourage and promote educational experimentation and innovative activities that may lead to the enhancement and improvement of the educational system in Nigeria and elsewhere. 6. To publish research findings, conclusions, recommendations and communique of important National and International Education Conferences as they relate to Nigeria. 7. To encourage, promote and support the publication of learned journals in Education. THE FAFUNWA FOUNDATION INTERNET JOURNAL OF EDUCATION The main objectives of this journal is to make the works of Nigerian scholars in the field of Education more visible to the rest of the world. Many worthy publications appear in local Nigerian journals and other educational literature which have limited circulation even in Nigeria. This journal brings such publications together in two numbers each year. Many of the articles will therefore have appeared in print in other publications. The criteria for selection will be the quality of the articles and the depth of their contribution to educational research or educational policy and practice not only in Nigeria but in other parts of the world. CONTENTS Page Editorial iii The Fafunwa phenomena in Nigerian Education by J.B. Ipaye (Text of the First Foundation Annual Lecture) 1 Science Technology and Mathematics Education in Nigeria in the 21st Century by E. Ayotunde Yoloye 28 (Text of the Second Foundation Annual Lecture) Language Education in Africa: Lessons for and from Nigeria by PAI Obanya 45 Language Education in Nigeria: Theory, Policy and Practice by Oladele Awobuluyi 53 Languages and the National Policy in Education: Implications and Prospects by E. Nolue Emenanjo 62 Using Nigerian Language as media of Instruction to enhance Scientific and Technological Development by A.O. Olarewaju 83 EDITORIAL In this first number of Volume 1, the journal pays tribute to the founder of the Fafunwa Educational Foundation, Professor Aliyu Babatunde Fafunwa. In the first article, Babatunde Ipaye tries to summarize Fafunwa's contributions to education in Nigeria. Fafunwa has contributed in many areas but he is perhaps best known for his ideas on the use of the mother tongue as the medium of instruction in schools. Also significant is his tremendous contribution to science education especially at primary school level. The five other articles in this number give recognition to these two areas of contribution. Articles by PAI Obanya, Oladele Awobuluyi and E. Nolue Emenanjo focus on language education in general especially from the points of view of policy and practice. E. Ayotunde Yoloye reviews the past and present states of Science, Mathematics and Technological Education in Nigeria and Projects into the 21st Century. A.O. Olarewaju considers the interface between language of instruction and the development of Science and Technology. THE FAFUNWA PHENOMENON IN NIGERIAN EDUCATION (First Foundation Annual Lecture 1996) Babatunde Ipaye Introduction: Education in Nigeria There are a number of options open to a speaker on a topic like this. Three of such options are these. One could decide to go scientific, in which case you become empirical, sticking rigidly to the demands of precision, examination and re-examination of data and basing conclusions on precise, hard data. Or, one could go psychological, reading behavioural meanings and interpretations, personality traits/dimensions and motivational factors into every bit of evidence adduced. One could also go historical, using oral evidence, documents and various other sources to generate the facts and then presenting them in a narrative form as they are. Most people in educational circles know Professor Fafunwa as an educational historian. I have therefore decided to take the historical approach. I shall state the facts as I found them, leaving other scholars to do the interpretations and in-depth analysis. Where any analysis is done here